Situation, history and interesting info.
Situated on the Beagle Channel, Ushuaia is the largest city in Argentine Tierra del Fuego, and arguably the southernmost city in the world. In the past, the town has been a missionary base, penal colony and naval base for the Argentine navy. Ushuaia is now a major tourist town commonly used as a base for hiking, winter sports and cruises to Antarctica.
In the late 19th century, the land that is now called Ushuaia was inhabited entirely by Yamana natives and a handful of missionaries. An excellent book on the history of the Yamana and their demise is The Uttermost Part of the Earth by E. Lucas Bridges, the son of one of the early missionaries. His father, Thomas Bridges, documented what he could of the Yamana language and found that it had a far larger vocabulary than the English language.
The most interesting places to see when at Ushuaia are following:
Museo Marítimo y del ex-Presidio. Located in an old prison displays a collection of the history of Tierra del Fuego. Admission includes entry into the Presidio which is on the same site as el Museo Marítimo.
Presidio – Museum of the historical military prison of Ushuaia. One wing of the museum has been converted to an art gallery featuring the work of local artists.
Museo del Fin del Mundo. Highlights include the largest exhibited collection of birds from Tierra del Fuego, the figurehead of the Duchess of Albany (a sunken vessel), and library dedicated to the history and nature of Tierra del Fuego.
Museo Mundo Yámana. Privately run museum with several dioramas of traditional Yaghan/Yámana life, origins and migrations, as well as displays of the period of early contact with Europeans. Located near the Museo del Fin del Mundo.
Hike the Glacier Martial – Provided that you wear comfortable shoes and have the patience, a hike up the Glacier Martial will provide a very beautiful view of Ushuaia and the Beagle Chanel. There is also a single ski slope open during the winter months, and ski hire is available from the site. To approach the glacier we recommend to get a professional guide assistance due to safety reasons.
Tierra del Fuego National Park – This national park provide some nice day hikes on well marked trails. The most beautiful path is called Send Costera, a three to four hour hike with medium difficulty level that takes you to awesome sceneries, and enjoy the natural wildlife.